A Brief History of the Dummy Whose Life You’ll Save in CPR Class

A Brief History of the Dummy Whose Life You’ll Save in CPR Class on onebeatcpr.com

The identity of the model for the original CPR dummy has been lost to history, but there is a true and interesting story behind the manikin’s origin

Move over, Cinderella. There is another woman who qualifies as the most famously kissed person in history, and you may have even kissed her yourself if you’ve ever taken a CPR class. Although there are multiple present-day manufacturers, the manikin – not to be confused with the word “mannequin” – used to teach CPR originally and often still goes by the name of “CPR Annie.” She was first introduced to the world in the 1950s by toymaker Asmund Laerdal, but her history goes back even further.

Bonjour, Annie

Practicing on a manikin is the best way to learn how to correctly administer CPR. You’ll practice chest compressions and breathe air into the manikin to learn rescue breathing, and you’ll see and feel the chest rise and fall accordingly. This teaching aid is very realistic and therefore extremely helpful.

There are numerous modern CPR dummies or manikins, but the face that was originally used was modeled from an unknown young woman whose body was retrieved from the Seine river in France at the end of the 19th century.

The story goes that a death mask was made while her body was kept at the Paris morgue. Somehow, the mask made it out of the morgue and was soon copied and sold in the city’s souvenir shops. It became so popular that several production factories were needed to keep up with the demand. Perhaps the only thing everyone completely agrees on about the story is that the death mask’s name is “L’Inconnue de la Seine.”

Old meets new

Fast-forward to the late 1950s, when Dr. Peter Safar was searching for someone to help him create a life-sized doll that could be used to practice his new method of cardiopulmonary resuscitation combined with chest compressions. He partnered with Asmund Laerdal, a Norwegian toy manufacturer, to create the realistic manikins.

Laerdal selected “L’Inconnue de la Seine” as the face for his dummy. It’s sometimes incorrectly reported that CPR Annie’s face was actually modeled after Dr. Safar’s daughter, who died of an asthma attack. It is true, though, that the original manikin was named “Resusci Anne” by the toymaker, which was Americanized to “CPR Annie.”

Realistic training makes it memorable

Many credit Dr. Safar’s insistence that his new resuscitation procedure is learned by practicing it on lifelike manikins for the technique’s quick acceptance. He believed it was important to find a way to move resuscitation methods beyond the medical field and out into the public. CPR Annie proved to be an effective solution.

Today, Annie has a male counterpart, as well as a manikin the size of a baby. The trio—under a variety of names—helps people around the world learn to master the basics of CPR.

One Beat CPR + AED offers professional, accessible, American Heart Association-approved CPR courses. For more information or to find a training facility near you, connect with us online or give us a call at 954.321.5305.

Is Your Office’s First Aid Kit OSHA-Compliant?

Is Your Office’s First Aid Kit OSHA-Compliant? on onebeatcpr.com

The minimum requirements for an OSHA-compliant first aid kit

Does your workplace have a first aid kit? Have you looked at it? In many offices, it’s likely the kit (if there is one) is outdated or half-empty. Maybe there are a few Band-Aids and some packets of antibiotic ointment, but not much else. While it might not seem like a big deal, failing to have adequate first aid supplies on hand could have serious safety consequences for employees.

The purpose of a first aid kit in the workplace

A first aid kit in the office is intended to treat a variety of different types of injuries and sudden illnesses, including cuts, burns, sprains and strains, and eye injuries. Of course, some workplaces have more inherent dangers that can cause more serious injuries, such as machinery, power tools or chemicals, but accidents can occur anywhere.

What should go in a first aid kit?

As a business owner or manager, it’s your job to ensure that your office has a first aid kit that meets the required standards. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has prepared a list of basic supplies every kit should have. There are also standards that should be met for different sizes and types of businesses.

According to OSHA, “The contents of the first-aid kit listed should be adequate for small worksites, consisting of approximately two to three employees. When larger operations or multiple operations are being conducted at the same location, additional first-aid kits should be provided at the work site or additional quantities of supplies should be included in the first-aid kits.”

A minimally OSHA-compliant first aid kit should include:

  1. Gauze pads (at least 4 x 4 inches)
  2. Two large gauze pads (at least 8 x 10 inches)
  3. A box of adhesive bandages (Band-Aids)
  4. One package of gauze roller bandage at least 2 inches wide
  5. Two triangular bandages
  6. A wound-cleaning agent such as sealed moistened towelettes
  7. Scissors
  8. At least one blanket
  9. Tweezers
  10. Adhesive tape
  11. Latex gloves
  12. Resuscitation equipment such as a resuscitation bag, airway, or pocket mask
  13. Two elastic wraps
  14. A splint
  15. Directions for requesting emergency assistance

Eyewash stations

Some businesses or organizations might have need of an eyewash station if there is the chance of anyone coming into contact with chemicals or corrosive materials. These settings can include school science labs, manufacturing plants, paint supply stores, and other types of facilities. “Paragraph (c) of OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910.151 requires that suitable facilities for quick drenching or flushing be provided within the work area for immediate use if an employee’s eyes or body may be exposed to corrosive materials,” according to additional OSHA regulations.

It might also be a good idea to display posters with instructions for how to deal with First Aid, Choking, CPR, H1N1 Prevention, and Heat Stress, which are available from OSHA.

Are there different types of first aid kits?

Yes, there are different classifications for first aid kits: Class A and Class B. According to Safety Grainger, “Class A kits are designed to deal with the most common types of workplace injuries. Class B kit is designed with a broader range and quantity of supplies to deal with injuries in more complex or high-risk environments.”

First aid kits are further classified by their portability, ability to be mounted, resistance to water and corrosion, and impact resistance. They might also be typed according to whether the kit will be stored inside and remain mostly stationary, or whether it is kept outside or in conditions where it might sustain damage.

Maintaining your first aid kit

Once you have assembled a first aid kit, you can’t just forget about it. If you use or run out of any supplies, be sure to replace them. First aid kits should be inspected on a regular basis, making sure that they are fully stocked and that none of the contents with expiration dates have expired.

The safety or your employees is of utmost importance, and even a minor injury can consequences if not treated properly. Take precautions and make sure you have a well-stocked, OSHA-compliant first aid kit on hand in case of emergency.

For more information about American Heart Association-authorized training, including CPR, AED use, and First Aid, or to purchase an OSHA compliant first aid kit, connect with One Beat CPR online or at 954-321-5305.

Heart Attack Safety Begins With Knowing What to Do

Heart Attack Safety Begins With Knowing What to Do on onebeatcpr.com

What to do when someone shows signs of a heart attack

Would you know what to do if someone clutched their chest or arm, or complained of shortness of breath?

Unfortunately, most people aren’t familiar with how to respond to someone who may be having a heart attack. Panic is the enemy of effective action—and knowing what to do in a crisis situation is the best way to keep your anxiety under control.

The first step in saving someone who is having a heart attack is knowing when to take action. In general, it’s always better to err on the side of caution—getting help early can be the difference between life and death.

Recognizing the symptoms of a heart attack

Heart attack symptoms can be complicated. In some cases, there may be few or no symptoms, most notably in individuals with diabetes. Contrary to popular belief, heart attacks don’t always begin with chest pain, and they can occur during times of rest or activity. In addition, heart disease overall isn’t as gender-specific as many may expect—it’s the number-one killer of both men and women.

If you suspect you or someone else is having a heart attack, don’t wait to identify the symptoms; call 911 immediately. These are the common indicators of a heart attack:

Chest discomfort. Feelings of fullness, pressure, or a squeezing pain in the chest that persists for longer than three minutes, or fades in and out.

Shortness of breath. While it’s normal to feel winded after climbing a flight of stairs or engaging in a challenging activity, unexpected shortness of breath should never be dismissed (even if it’s not accompanied other symptoms).

Flu-like symptoms. Lightheadedness, dizziness, sweating, nausea, vomiting, anxiety, fatigue, indigestion, fainting—each are common signals of a heart attack.

Feeling of impending doom. Our subconscious often picks up on more about our bodies than we’re aware of. Heart attack victims often report feeling as if something bad is about to happen.

Abdominal pain. Discomfort in the epigastric, or upper-central region of the abdomen.

Pain and discomfort beyond the chest. Both men and women may report discomfort extending to the arms, back, neck, stomach, teeth, and jaw.

It’s important to remember symptoms are often subtle and vary from person to person. Women, the elderly, and diabetes patients may experience non-classical symptoms of a heart attack. Again, if you think it might be a heart attack, it’s always best to seek help immediately.

If you think someone’s having a heart attack, here’s what to do

Actions taken during the onset of a heart attack are crucial to recovery. Memorizing these steps can help save the life of a loved one, or even your own.

  1. Call 911. Don’t let yourself be convinced the person just needs to stick it out for a while and see what happens. If you witness any of the symptoms, call for help right away, and stay calm. Also, don’t attempt to drive yourself or a victim to the hospital, unless it’s absolutely necessary—it might end up delaying professional medical treatment.
  2. Keep the victim calm. Help them sit or lay down, and provide assurance that help is on the way.
  3. Aspirin. Taking aspirin can help thin the blood, thereby increasing the chances of survival, however, make sure the patient isn’t allergic before administering. Baby aspirin tends to work quicker but regular aspirin is also effective. For faster absorption, aspirin tablets should be chewed before swallowing.
  4. CPR. If the victim is unconscious and not breathing, CPR should be administered. Be sure to let the 911 dispatcher know if the victim has lost consciousness. If there’s nobody on the scene trained in CPR, the dispatcher will issue instructions. For those without CPR training, doctors advise a chest-compression-only approach of approximately 100-120 compressions per minute.
  5. Defibrillators. If the person has slipped in sudden cardiac arrest and an automated external defibrillator (AED) is available, the device should have instructions on how to use it.

Always be prepared

The best way to save someone from dying from a heart attack is preparation. CPR and AED classes can help you recognize the symptoms, and ensure you know exactly what to do if someone’s heart stops.

One Beat CPR+AED is South Florida’s premiere American Heart Association-certified CPR training center. We offer private, and group classes with affordable pricing. Don’t wait until an emergency to learn what to do, contact us today to schedule your training!